Coronavirus (CoV) are a large family of viruses that may cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe disease such as severe acute respiratory syndrome. The viral infection was first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China’s Hubei province. The virus quickly spread to other parts of the World and has become an ongoing 2019-20 Coronavirus Pandemic.
The virus spreads among humans during close contact, often via small droplets (during coughing, sneezing & talking). Touching the surface that may have been infected by such droplets and then touching the face can also cause infection. A person is most infectious during first three days after onset of the symptoms and may be contagious to his surroundings.
Coronavirus infection may present most commonly as common cold with fever, cough and dyspnea (shortness of breath). Other symptoms may include fatigue, sore throat, loss of smell, muscle pain and abdominal pain. In majority of cases the symptoms are very mild but they may progress to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, kidney failure and multi organ failure.
The recommended method to establish the diagnosis of this viral infection is by identifying the virus using a real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction from a nasopharyngeal swab. The measures to prevent the spread this virus it is recommended to follow the rules of social distancing, covering your mouth while coughing and sneezing as well as regular hand washing.